The Institute of Australian Culture: An introduction

Unsurpassed: Australian Made

Welcome to our website!

The Institute of Australian Culture aims to provide a wealth of Australian cultural assets, so as to enable Australians to gain access to a wide range of resources about their nation’s history and heritage, and thereby gain a wider appreciation of Australian culture.

All Australians are encouraged to browse through the materials provided here, to explore their nation’s heritage and history.

The IAC site has been developed especially as an academic resource, to benefit both students and teachers. It is hoped that students in particular will find this collection of materials to be of benefit to them for their educational studies and projects.

This venture is internet-based so as to enable the widest possible audience for this compilation of Australian resources.

The Institute of Australian Culture is a cultural institution which aims to provide educational and informative access to our nation’s culture, traditions, and way of life, incorporating an Australian perspective.

A montage of Australian newspaper mastheads


Numerous articles are provided on the site, covering a wide range of topics.

In many cases links are provided to online copies of articles, so that people may examine the original items for themselves.

Where appropriate, corrections have been made to articles (to correct spelling or grammar; but not to change the substance of the text). In such instances, a notation is made at the end of the post to explain the exact nature of the corrections, giving both the original text and the corrected text. In this way, it is ensured that such articles are usable, as well as retaining their academic integrity.

Sometimes the subject matter of the articles, or the opinions expressed therein, may be contentious or controversial; it should be understood that the views and opinions included in the published articles are not necessarily those of the IAC or its associated personnel.

Poetry and songs

Poetry and songs enable their writers to pour out their thoughts, feelings, and moods; but, more importantly, they allow others to partake in the wide range of emotions that they express.

The enjoyment of well-written verse, whether purely rhythmic of their own accord, or set to music, allows the wider public to share the experience with others.

With poetry, particularly in days gone by, this was done by reading aloud, or reciting from memory, select verses at family gatherings or public events. Although the popularity of poetry has waned in modern times, there is still appreciation of poetry, whether it be for special occasions (especially solemn ones) or for the big-name poets.

However, the popularity of songs has been maintained, and they form a major part of popular culture; although, unlike in past years, the advent of communal singing occurs far less, as we are more likely to be entertained by recorded music rather than participate in communal sing-alongs. The modern era concentrates more on passive partaking of music, with far less emphasis on popular participation (listening to songs is the norm, rather than joining in with others).

Nonetheless, poetry and songs form a major part of the reflection of a nation’s soul, and therefore this collection of Australian cultural creations includes a significant amount of verse.


The institutions and sites from which scans of original materials have been sourced are noted in the tags appended to the posts; these include:
CAPF (Colonial Australian Popular Fiction) [link]
NLA (National Library of Australia) [link]
SLNSW (State Library of New South Wales) [link]
SLQld (State Library of Queensland) [link]
SLTas (State Library of Tasmania) [link]
SLV (State Library of Victoria) [link]
SLWA (State Library of Western Australia) [link]
Trove (the NLA’s online collection of materials) [link] (’s books and texts collection, USA) [link]
GoogleBooks (Google Books, USA) [link]
HathiTrust (Hathi Trust Digital Library, USA) [link]

The Bulletin, known in earlier years as “The Bushman’s Bible”, changed the style of its masthead several times

Notes regarding entries on the site

The sources for entries are cited, so that the accuracy of articles can be confirmed by anyone wishing to do so. The vast majority of entries are drawn directly from original or historic sources, usually newspapers or books; although there may be some instances where entries are drawn from re-published sources, in which case these secondary sources are noted (and hopefully will be replaced by original sources when possible).

Editorial comments are usually provided at the start and/or end of entries, giving introductory or explanatory notes.

The masthead of some Western Australian legislation (1897)

Minimisation of errors on the site

As this is a large body of work, which has largely been sourced from scanned originals, it is possible that transcription errors may occur (hopefully, very rarely); in such a case, readers should feel free to leave a comment on the relevant post, describing the mistake, even if the error is minor or pedantic.

When considered necessary, corrections will be made (this may be done to correct, for example, incorrectly spelt words, grammatical errors, and inconsistency of punctuation); however, any such corrections will be noted in the Editor’s Notes at the end of the entry.

There are some exceptions to this situation. Therefore there are a number of circumstances where technical or pedantic changes are not included in the Editor’s Notes:
1) On those occasions where the historic print source has a gap in a word (presumably through a misprint in the publishing process), includes any letters printed upside down, or has punctuation missing (such as a full stop missing from the end of a sentence), then those errors will generally be corrected without notation. It should be noted that early printing presses in Australia sometimes had badly-worn type, which could result in letters not appearing in printed papers.
2) The spacing for punctuation may be used differently; often older texts include a space before colons, semi-colons, exclamation marks, question marks, etc., but such spacing may not be used here.
3) Capitalisation may be standardised for headings, sub-headings, and signatures. Generally, headings using all capitals (ALL CAPS), or initial letter capitals (Title Case), will be rendered as lower case except for the start of the sentence (Sentence case) and for proper nouns. However, some sub-titles using all capitals may be left as is, so as to distinguish them from the rest of the text (especially if they are not in a bold font). Signatures using all capitals will be rendered into sentence case or left as is (dependent on whether it is perceived that keeping them in all capitals will be useful in distinguishing them from the rest of the text).
4) Text alignment is generally rendered as Left Alignment.
5) Graphics associated with an article may not be included, especially if the available graphic quality is very low.

Aside from those aforementioned exceptions, readers are encouraged to leave a comment regarding any anomalies or errors, as we aim to be as accurate as possible.

1) In those instances where a long “s” (which looks like the letter “f”) has been used, they have been transcribed as a normal letter “s” (e.g. “fmall” is changed to “small”).
2) Earlier articles on the IAC site did not usually include letters with accents or umlauts (instead rendering them as standard alphabet characters), due to the inability of some early browsers to handle some unusual characters. Later articles include those characters; however, the earlier articles will remain as is, unless there is a need or opportunity to revisit those articles.

Website address

In 2015 the internet site was changed from InstituteOfAustralianCulture[.com] to AustralianCulture[.org]; this step was taken so as to provide a shorter URL, on the basis that it should therefore be easier for people to remember.

The Institute of Australian Culture

Heritage, history, and heroes
Literature, legends, and larrikins
Music, military, and miners
Poems, prose, and poets
Stories, songs, and sages

Concluding remarks

Whether you are a student, teacher, researcher, or someone just visiting the site out of interest, we hope you enjoy the resources provided.


  1. Peter McKeddie says:

    To whom it may concern
    Your reference to The Groop is sparse and inaccurate.
    The Groop was established by Peter McKeddie,Max Ross and Richard Wright and was signed by CBS records.This band was already well established with three charting singles and were the support act for Tom Jones and Hermans Hermits tour in 1966.

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